Basic principles of anti-corruption
The concept of corruption, legal and organizational foundations of anti-corruption activities, preventive measures and other nuances related to combating corruption are set out in Federal Law No. 273-FZ of 25.12.2008. This law is the basis of the anti-corruption legislation of the Russian Federation.
Basic principles of anti-corruption:
1. Protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens. This constitutional principle underlies every legislative act in Russia.
2. Legality. The actions of persons involved in combating corruption are governed by legislative acts that give them the appropriate rights. The Constitution of the Russian Federation protects all citizens, including offenders. Therefore, all measures aimed at combating corrupt officials must be legal.
3. Transparency of government bodies' work. Open information on the work of government officials, including those involved in combating corruption offenses, allows citizens to control the work of the government and participate in the implementation of the state anti-corruption program.
4. Inevitability of responsibility. The person who committed the offense must be punished in accordance with the letter of the law. The duties of representatives of law enforcement agencies include the implementation of this legislative norm.
5. Application of all possible measures against corruption in the aggregate. Practice shows that an integrated approach is the most effective in anti-corruption activities. Therefore, in general, state and municipal authorities use several methods of preventing and combating corruption offenses at once.
6. Priority of prevention. Anti-corruption activities are aimed primarily at preventing the commission of offenses by using a set of preventive measures.
7. Cooperation of all institutions of society. In order to maximize the effectiveness of combating corruption, the authorities must unite with foreign colleagues, citizens of the state and the media.
Based on the basic principles of combating corruption, all requirements of the state's anti-corruption policy are formed. These principles are the basis of all by-laws related to solving the problem of corruption.
By implementing the listed basic principles of anti-corruption activities in practice, the state and society are approaching the solution of most socio-economic problems. This is the essence of the state legal system.