International Anti-Corruption Standards
In the wake of international anti-corruption standards, national legislation is called upon to implement a uniform strategy of war against similar crimes in the world. The adoption of national regulations that incorporated the norms of UN conventions and other documents contributed to Russia's accession to the WTO and strengthened its role in the international arena.
The main document that defines the rules of the game in the fight against corruption in the international arena is the UN Convention adopted in 2003. After its ratification by Russia, many national legal acts have changed significantly; they have been revised in the spirit of world anti-corruption standards.
The criminal legislation has changed significantly, in particular:
- crimes such as complicity in bribery and petty commercial bribery were singled out as separate crimes;
- financial liability appeared in the form of a fine many times higher than the amount of bribes received.
In addition to the UN convention, Russia has ratified the OECD Convention dedicated to the fight against bribery in the field of international economic relations.
Implementation of standards in Russia
In addition to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the law on combating corruption, in line with international standards, a number of regulations were adopted that restrict the ability of civil servants to receive bribes. A system for declaring income was introduced, monitoring the compliance of expenses with income. All ministries and departments are implementing anti-corruption plans based on international world practice. All these actions helped to significantly reduce the number of manifestations of bribery and minimize the harm caused to them.