The main directions of combating corruption
The equal basis for combating corruption is the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the corresponding Federal Law and recognized principles of international law, approved in the Russian Federation. It is on this set of documents that state authorities rely on the creation of measures that would help to combat this phenomenon.
The main directions in combating corruption are aimed at increasing the efficiency of this process. For this, a general state policy is being pursued, which includes a set of measures:
- formation of a mechanism for effective cooperation of law enforcement agencies with parliamentary and social commissions that deal with this issue;
- approval of laws, administrative norms and various rules that contribute to more active participation of citizens and officials in combating corruption (a negative attitude is formed towards the phenomenon itself, which affects its spread);
- improvement of the system and structure of government agencies, as well as the formation of methods to control their work;
- introduction of standards, excluding the list of prohibitions and rules that could prevent the facts of corruption;
- changes in the content of the rights of civil servants, employees of local government bodies and other officials (introduction of more significant restrictions and prohibitions in the line of duty, so as not to leave loopholes for corruption schemes);
- providing access to information on the work of government bodies to a wide range of people in order to ensure transparency of activities and promote anti-corruption.
Additional means of combating corruption should include ensuring the independent work of the media, which will be able to identify and inform about the facts of identifying corrupt officials. The policy of keeping silent about such cases leads to the development of such phenomena. In addition, it is imperative to observe the principle of independence in the work of the judicial system. The activities of judges and other participants in the process should not be subject to external influences. Care should also be taken to ensure decent wages and the protection of government and local government officials. Low salaries are conducive to officials taking bribes.
Anti-corruption measures at the state level
To protect itself from the development of negative phenomena, the state is required to take the following actions:
- to work out organizational issues in the work of law enforcement agencies aimed at combating corruption in order to increase the effectiveness of these activities;
- develop a more perfect procedure for performing service in government agencies and local governments;
- create conditions for open and fair competition during public procurement (this applies to all categories, including the purchase of goods, materials, services and works);
- eliminate prohibitions in the field of economic activity that have no justification;
- develop more effective rules for the use of property and resources belonging to the state (this should also apply to the provision of assistance).
All the described areas of combating corruption should be applied in an integrated manner. The government is working to implement many of the methods described above, although corruption remains one of the significant problems hindering economic development.