How database audit works

Database Management Security: Security First

Everyone knows that the more data you have the better the management decisions that you can make. The value of data goes back thousands of years. Knowledge is power and therefor, so are data, and with the explosion of computerized management data, we have more of it than we ever did before. We work hard to acquire management data that will give us an edge over our competitors and to enable authorized actions on our file servers. The databases that we use for data management and storage, which frequently are stored by third-party data centers, are objects that bear a particular level of risk, rendering greater security and regular auditing by managers of the utmost importance.

Professional Management Audits by Outside Managers: Centralized Data Security Management

Regardless of whether your data management is on your own server or on an off-premises data center, your data faces the same security risks. However, companies that specialize in centralized data security management are often entrusted with keeping data in order and out of the reach of cyber criminals due to the depth of their expertise. They handle monitoring and reporting for traffic management security purposes, staying prepared to detect and immediately react to potential threats, tracking activities in real time, looking after suspicious activities to stop them before any damage is done to security, revealing insider vulnerabilities, and looking out for the latest criminal schemes. Some security management services ensure that the entire deployment manage and distribute based on whatever the client’s needs are. Furthermore, by ensuring that the entire deployment manage and distribute niche processes with powerful centralized management and reports, energy is not wasted on countless other operations but is freed up to be able to take on powerful centralized management and reports.

Role-based access control

Nevertheless, since disastrous decision-making and poor organization by companies themselves is usually what leads to disastrous events, companies that use outside database administrators need a business unit to conduct management of the security activities of their in-house file servers and server databases themselves as well. There are certain forms of management and rules business units can choose to configure to make sure their data maintains the utmost security. Since there always exists the risk that a DBA manager or an employee could abuse crucial personally identifiable data, credit card data, medical data, company secrets, and personal financial information, the commonly practiced security management solution is “data masking”. Data masking involves a business unit hiding or removing portions of data displayed in the system. The management data may be transformed, or they might simply not appear on the screen. This supports flexible role-based access control (restricting access to specific objects and management functions) and related management, a crucial part of cloud and server security. Certain users and positions besides the management administrators in a company are only able to access certain fields and levels of cloud and server data within a company.

Security policy training. Of course, one of the most important ways for a manager to lower risk though is to raise employee policy awareness as much as he can as to the company’s non-disclosure policy and policy outlining rigid courses of action required to be taken in each situation.

Database management: requirements and benefits. Automatic tracking of data storage is a legal requirement. One reason is because your customers in Europe have the right to find out how their data are being used as well as request that you delete them off your server or a cloud web application according to the GDPR. Personal reasons to conduct automatic tracking of data access and operations are that it can include what user logged in via the user interface and accessed what data, when they accessed it, as well as a list of other procedures and functions that have been performed within the company. If you don’t keep track of your cloud or server data, you will have no idea if an employee of yours or some outside criminal has viewed or copied data they weren’t supposed to. An employee stealing your company’s clients’ data and then offering them cheaper deals on the side could cause a significant amount of losses for you. Furthermore, an automated management system on your server will monitor and report updates for upcoming important events as well as generating server site audit logs. Government institutions often require system wide audits at certain time intervals.

Audit Trails: Why System Wide Auditing is Necessary

A cloud or server site audit trail, with its record of what data has been affected and what the overall change was, provides for accountability when actions are taken with respect to a row, table, or important content that’s being changed, since users know they’re being tracked. In the event that data are stolen and a criminal investigation needs to be conducted or a company needs to legally defend itself, it will be very happy that it kept records for auditing and security purposes. On top of that, companies want to know how various departments, employees, and the company as a whole are performing in certain areas and an auditing trail can help with that. Especially when it comes to who viewed the most protected (view only) data you have and who has been acting abnormally lately (coming to work on different days of the week, coming to work earlier than usual, leaving work later than usual, downloading files, abusing unlimited access rights, attempting to edit view only files, and other activities triggering security alarms). However, the audit logs produced by native auditing present a major workload for the database and file server as well as a massive amount of storage space, thus necessitating a specialized management software or cloud. These services target the particular type of data that bear significance to a company, which native auditing cannot yield on its own. They put audit and security web-based access controls into place as well as security alert mechanisms and respond quickly.

Agent Audits: the Professional Third-Party Manager Environment

In order to do their jobs, database managers require a copy of the management database in order for the managers to test in real time that the management database is sound and in proper order. This level of handling management databases in a data center is called subproduction. After the agent audit is tested in real time, the management data are then “migrated” back to the production server – the real world. This testing is done using a random sample. However, since prudent security policy does not allow management data to be viewed by third parties, this dilemma is solved by server data scrambling, which is then unscrambled upon migrating back to server production. The result is then usually viewable in a web application. It is important to keep an outside database manager under watch. Security policy should prohibit that he is able to simply do whatever he wants at any time without authorization. Do not give him access to any of your sensitive data, files, or spreadsheets. A common security issue with database administrators is that web applications provide companies with default usernames and passwords in the factory version of their new database. Make sure to set new passwords on your server as a security measure before beginning to use them on the user interface.

External Security Threats

One of the most common ways that criminals attack databases is with malware. From a random email or a website, a user or manager may download software that will run in the background and steal data that that device is authorized to access. Often companies forget about the security of their backup storage media as well. Since it takes months for a manager to patch vulnerable databases, high management workloads prevent businesses from maintaining essential areas of the business. Another type of attack is an SQL injection, in which the criminal injects code that may cause harm to your database and files. This type of input is possible when a user or manager gives you an SQL statement instead of his login that you run on your management database without your knowledge. This is one case where the multiple layers of security activity that clouds and specialized solutions provide really come in handy. Before certain data are extracted or code is entered by a user or manager, the supported flexible role-based access control system (in fulfilling its purpose of restricting access to specific object and management functions) may send you an alert and the action may have to be authorized by you. You will have the benefit of a protection platform that blocks malicious requests online. Furthermore, these are the types of management and report solutions that unify and streamline security operation to render the entire process quick and efficient with a minimal need for power and storage volume. You can also install management and report solutions that unify and streamline security operations to the utmost on your on-premises devices where you can store your data and perform those processes, if you wish. Some such management programs train managers and employees with policy configurations and obtain their commitment to adhere to these policy configurations.