Internet privacy laws and regulations
30.06.2020Back to blog list
Data Security and Privacy in the European Union
One of the greatest challenges in the world today is making the Internet a secure place. For this purpose, there is a global trend of rigid regulations that governments are setting for ensuring that individuals’ information is kept private. The burden of privacy regulations is being placed on companies’ IT staff. Minor mistakes can and do often result in serious losses for companies. EU data privacy regulations currently take the form of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which affords particular “rights” to Internet users. These rights include the right to rectify, the right to be forgotten, and the right to a lawsuit in the event that the person’s rights have been violated. “Rectify” entails that wherever a company publishes information about a person’s digital identity that is false, the person has the right to see that information rectified. A person also does not have to tolerate content of him displayed on the Internet if he doesn’t wish it to be there. This is the individual’s choice to permit or not permit.
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Data Privacy in the United States
US privacy regulations are for the most part set by the individual states. Privacy regulations in effect nationwide include include HIPPA, which protects the individual’s right to maintain privacy with respect to their health; the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act, which protects websites from being able to collect information on children; and the Fair Credit Reporting Act, which governs how credit information can be collected and used. Data privacy law in 25 states also protect Internet users’ information, in particular the California Consumer Privacy Act, which has recently been passed to provide for consumer data privacy in the state, which is even more stringent than the GDPR. Types of information that are illegal to transfer to third parties except where explicitly authorized include personally identifiable information or PII. Any such information that is exchanged, for instance if Google provides information to advertisers as to the name or address of a user, is subject to data breach fines.
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