Countering corruption in government bodies
Corruption in the state administration system contributes to the growth of crime in the country, gives rise to the consciousness of citizens of impunity for illegal acts. Anti-corruption is hampered by the unlimited powers of officials and the absence of real responsibility for corruption crimes.
It is necessary to improve legislation. When developing measures to counter corruption offenses, one should take into account the experience of foreign countries. It is important to adhere to the standards set out in the UN and Council of Europe anti-corruption documents. These include, for example, the International Code of Conduct for Public Officials.
The decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, the National Anti-Corruption Plan and the Federal Anti-Corruption Law provide for the following state measures:
- limiting the powers of officials;
- elimination of the risks of committing corruption actions;
- identification by the judicial authorities of the facts of extortion and bribery;
- toughening the punishment of those guilty for acts of corruption.
Government supervisors should monitor compliance with the law in the event of a conflict of interest.
Revealing the facts of arbitrariness and infringement of the rights of citizens helps to counteract corruption violations.
In accordance with the Federal Anti-Corruption Law of the Russian Federation, civil servants must regularly send information about their income and expenses to the tax authorities.
Citizens who are closely related to the management, who hide information about their income, cannot be hired to serve in public authorities.
To strengthen the fight against corruption in local self-government and state authorities, it is necessary to tighten control over the official activities of officials and limit their powers. Information on the performance of their duties should be available to the public. Anti-corruption activities should be covered in the media.